OVERVIEW AND PRINCIPLES UNDERLYING ACTIONS
The structure of this component of the IDP is based on the eight TFCA Development KPAs introduced in Section 3.
Actions relate to the Key Performance Indicators (KPI) for each KPA, key issues raised in subsection 2.2 and different levels of TFCA objectives. Broad time frames and budgets have been assigned to the various actions. Responsibilities and final time frames and budgets are to be allocated in the Implementation and Annual Business Plans. To operationalize the IDP for the Malawi-Zambia TFCA a series of a planning cycles and business plans will be utilised – Strategic Implementation Plans covering 5 year periods, and Annual Business Plans to guide short term plans, programmes and projects.
The actions discussed within each KPA provide clear guidelines regarding the requisite steps needed to ensure that the Malawi-Zambia TFCA becomes a fully operational TFCA.
The principles underlying the actions needed to ensure the activities are aligned to the overall vision and objectives of the Malawi-Zambia TFCA are discussed below and should be used to guide the implementation of activities. These principles include, inter alia:
● Management interventions should be undertaken through both joint and collaborative actions, where for the former the countries undertake actions jointly, and for the latter, the countries are responsible for individual implementation at an agreed standard and reporting to the joint structures.
● An adaptive management approach should be followed allowing the refinement of interventions based on feedback loops, and the use of new and improved technologies and approaches.
● Full disclosure by both countries of any new tourism developments should be encouraged. This relates specifically to tourism and infrastructure development, which may impact neighboring countries and adjacent protected areas – any development along the boundary of the Malawi-Zambia TFCA will be discussed in detail with the affected managers and stakeholders. General development within the parks must be according to the approved Integrated Management Plans for each component.
● Proposed changes to the individual management plans should be discussed with the joint management structures of the Malawi-Zambia TFCA, and decisions made based on the impacts that this will have not just on the national component, but within the entire Malawi-Zambia TFCA context and thus a process of Integrated Environmental.
Management will be adhered to:
● The use of best practices based on Strategic Environmental Assessments, Heritage Impact Assessments, as well as specific Environmental and Social Impacts Assessments to inform good land use planning will be promoted.
● The principle of sustainable utilisation, although the degree to which this is implemented remains the prerogative of each country, should be agreed to at the Malawi-Zambia TFCA level.
● Effective community participation and capacity building aimed at improving the quality of life of people, and reducing environmental impacts in and around the protected areas within the TFCA, should be implemented.
● Private sector involvement in the development process, especially within the tourism sector, should be encouraged.
● Community Public Private Partnerships should be utilised for ecotourism development wherever possible.
● Equitable revenue sharing to ensure that funds generated within the Malawi-Zambia TFCA can primarily be used to support the protection of the ecosystem that supports the region in the first place.
● Adherence to the ‘Triple bottom line principle’ should be encouraged since this will ensure decisions are taken within a balanced view based on the environmental, economic and social impact of the decision.
● All key stakeholders should be consulted as part of the TFCA planning and decision-making process, and the planning, development and implementation of any new projects.
● A multidisciplinary and integrated approach should be adopted and underlie any proposed programmes, activities or actions.
● Protected area planning should always be linked with broader regional land use planning so that protected areas are seen as an integral component of the broader region.
● An integrated cross-sectoral approach to socio-economic development and poverty alleviation should be provided for.