The joint management vision for the Malawi-Zambia TFCA, and the various elements thereof, is “that they are managed collaboratively in a sustainable way with full stakeholder participation in a manner that fosters regional cooperation, cross-border biodiversity conservation, and contributes to socio-economic development of local communities”.
The primary purpose of this TFCA is for “harmonising policies, strategies and practices for managing shared natural resources that straddle the international borders of the two Partner States and deriving equitable socio-economic benefit through the sustainable use and development of their natural and cultural heritage resources”.
This foregoing is aligned with the SADC Protocol pertaining to TFCAs requiring the promotion of peace and security in the region and equitable sharing of benefits derived from the natural resources, largely through nature based tourism and resource utilisation, for present and future.
The strategic objectives of the Malawi-Zambia TFCA as set out in the MoU and draft Treaty are:
a) Foster trans-national collaboration and co-operation between Malawi and Zambia in implementing ecosystem and cultural resource management through the establishment and development of the proposed TFCA.
b) Promote alliances in the management of biological and cultural resources and encourage social, economic and other partnerships among Governments and Stakeholders.
c) Enhance ecosystem integrity and natural ecological processes by harmonising wildlife management procedures across the international boundary and strive to remove artificial barriers or circumstances that inhibit natural movements of wildlife.
d) Develop frameworks and strategies whereby neighbouring communities can participate in, and tangibly benefit from, the management and sustainable use of natural and cultural resources that occur within the proposed TFCA.
e) Promote cross-border tourism as a means of fostering regional socio-economic development.
Specific objectives include:
a) Maintain and manage the shared natural and cultural heritage resources and biodiversity of the Malawi-Zambia TFCA to support healthy and viable populations of wildlife species.
b) Promote and facilitate the development of a complementary network of protected areas within the Malawi-Zambia TFCA linked through corridors to safeguard the welfare and continued existence of migratory wildlife species.
c) Provide opportunities, facilities and infrastructure that shall transform the Malawi-Zambia TFCA into a premier tourist destination in Africa made up of a range of independent yet complementary and integrated sub-regional tourism development nodes.
d) Facilitate tourism across international borders in the Malawi-Zambia TFCA.
e) Develop and implement programmes that shall enhance the sustainable use of natural and cultural heritage resources to improve the livelihoods of local communities within and around the Malawi-Zambia TFCA and thus contribute towards poverty reduction.
f) Facilitate a healthy and competitive economic environment which promotes and enables public-private-community partnerships, private investment and regional economic integration.
g) Share experiences and pool resources and expertise across international borders in areas including indigenous knowledge, tourism management, border control, technology and renewable energy to facilitate development.
h) Promote and facilitate the harmonisation of relevant legislation, policies and approaches in natural and cultural heritage resources management across international borders and ensure compliance with international protocols and conventions related to the protection and sustainable use of species and ecosystems.
i) Build capacity for and within the Malawi-Zambia TFCA through training, enterprise development and mentoring programmes thus increasing the skills and knowledge associated with the management of natural and cultural heritage resources and facilitate stakeholder participation in the Malawi-Zambia TFCA planning and development processes.
j) Promote and facilitate the harmonisation of relevant legislation, policies and approaches in the area of transboundary animal disease prevention, surveillance and control within the Malawi-Zambia BIA TFCA.
k) Promote fundamental and applied scientific and multi-disciplinary research in order to increase the knowledge base for the Malawi-Zambia TFCA.
l) Mainstream emerging environmental issues and social paradigms, such as climate change and HIV/AIDS, in the overall development of the Malawi-Zambia TFCA.